THE SECOND BATTLE PLAN OF THE REVOLUTION PRINTED IN AMERICA
THE PENNSYLVANIA MAGAZINE
Exact Plan of General Gage’s Lines on Boston Neck in America [from the August 1775 issue of The Pennsylvania Magazine]
11-7/8” x 8-3/4”. Uncolored. Laid down on rice paper with some staining and repairs. Remargined at top and bottom with some loss to imprint in both locations [“Aitken Sculp” below and “Evgrav’d for the Pennsylva. Magazine” above]. Offered together with an unbound copy of the magazine. A reasonable example of an important, early artifact of the American Revolution.
Issued in August of 1775, this is the second battle plan of the Revolutionary War to be printed in America, preceeded only by a more general map of Boston in the July 1775 issue of The Pennsylvania Magazine. The map shows General Gage’s lines on Boston Neck and provides exacting detail of the various fortifications (a bomb battery, guard houses, stockades, etc) on the neck that connected the city of Boston to the mainland. Thirty items on the plan are numbered to a key printed in the magazine proper (included) with most of the keyed items representing cannon placements. From the plan, the editor notes, “it will be easy to form a perfect idea of the manner in which the General hath blockaded the entrances into [Boston].” The magazine includes additional important content relating to the early stages of the Revolution, including a British report of their losses at Lexington and Concord, and letters from the Continental Congress to the people of Great Britain and Ireland rejecting the British “plan of accommodation (as it has beed absurdly called).”
Wheat & Brun, Maps and Charts Published in America before 1800; #237; Nebenzahl, Bibliography of Printed Battle Plans of the American Revolution, #5; Sellers & Van Ee, Maps and Charts of North America and the West Indies, 1750-1789, #895; Jolly, Maps of America in Periodicals before 1800, #268.
Inventory No. 7735