A GREAT RARITY: THE FIRST DUTCH CHART OF THE CHESAPEAKE BAY
Pascaerte vande Virginies Van Baya de la Madelena tot de Zuydt Revier. From the first edition of Het Brandende Veen (“The Burning Fen”) Part One, published by Peter Goos
Black and white copper-engraving. 16-1/4” x 19-3//4”. Some restoration at upper centerfold. Overall a good example of a very rare chart.
Roggeveen’s The Burning Fen was the first martitime atlas devoted exclusively to the Americas, and this is the first Dutch chart specifically of the Chesapeake Bay included in a seventeenth century Dutch sea atlas.
Based in part on John Smith’s map of 1612, the format has been extended to include much of Albemarle Sound to the south and southern New Jersey to the north. Burden (II, 446) notes, that “with his connections at the Dutch west India Company, Roggeveen had access to all of the manuscript charts at their disposal… many were undoubtedly Spanish in origin.” The Spanish influence is evident as all of the place names in North Carolina are in Spanish. The lower reaches of the Delaware River are based upon Pieter Goos’s PascaerteVan de Zuydt en Noordt Reviere in Nieu Nederlandt, 1666.
Very Rare. The chart appeared with Roggeveen’s name only in the first edition of Part One of the The Burning Fen. His name was changes on the chart to J. Robijn when a new edition of the atlas appeared in 1680. The chart was replaced in the third edition by an entirely new pascaerte by Robijn, based on Augustine Herrman. The Burning Fen was one of the most important pilot books of the period and the first to contain printed charts of the coastal areas of Central America.
Burden, The Mapping of North America, II, 451; Koeman, Atlantes Neerlandici, IV, pp. 452-53; Morrison, On the Map, p. 34; Phillips, Atlases, 2694; Swem, Maps Relating to Virginia, p. 52.
Inventory No. 8665