THE 1578 DE JODE
DE JODE, GERARD
Universi Orbis Seu Terreni Globi In Plano Effigies Cum privilegio [from: Speculum Orbis Terrarum] Antwerp
13-1/4” x 20-1/2”. Full period color. Light toning, fine condition.
1571 / 1578
Appearing in the first edition of De Jode’s Speculum in 1578, this striking work is one of the rarest 16th century world maps published in an atlas. It is a skillful, one-sheet reduction of Abraham Ortelius’s great cordiform map on eight sheets, which had been published by De Jode in 1564. A map of great distinction, it was Ortelius’s first cartographic production and “indicative of the new school of map making in the Low Countries that was to surpass the Italians over the next 150 years” (Shirley). Although the Ortelius map was widely circulated at the time, only three copies survive today; at the British Library, the Maritime Mueum in Rotterdam, and the University Library at Basle. This reduced version, beautifully executed by Johannes and Lucas van Doetecum, is the only obtainable version of Ortelius’s masterpiece.
Schilder identifies four states, of which this atlas version is State 3. All are rare and the atlas itself is almost unobtainable; according to the Wardington Sale Catalogue, the 1578 Speculum survives in only seven complete examples. State 1 of the map was originally separately issued under a different title in 1571 and survives in a handful of examples. State 2 was also separately published sometime before 1578, with a revised title but lacking both the printed privilege and text on the verso that would appear on State 3, which was added to the atlas. Some separately published copies of a State 4 were issued after 1578, with the privilege but without text on the verso. After Gerard De Jode’s death, a second and final edition of the Speculum was issued by his son Cornelis in 1593, who replaced his father’s world map with two new maps.
In spite of the considerable talent and artistry of both father and son, neither edition was a success. Koeman postulates that the De Jodes’ powerful rivals in Amsterdam may have had a hand in its failure, using political influence to delay granting of the necessary privilege to publish. Jean Baptiste Vrients would later purchase the De Jode plates, keeping them out of circulation while he issued his own editions of the competing Theatrum.
Shirley, The Mapping of The World, #124 (also see #114); Schilder, Monumenta Cartographica Neerlandica, II, p. 57.
Inventory No. 8635